28 Apr Just the Facts on Women Smoking and Fertility
Facts about Women Smoking and Fertility
- Cigarette smoking causes a 67% higher risk for abnormal bleeding and bring on early menopause.
- The fallopian tubes do not function as well due to smoking, which causes poor transport of eggs, sperm, and fertilized embryos. This increases the risks of tubal pregnancy, which is twice as high for smokers than non-smokers.
- For women who have IVF, pregnancy rates are lower among smokers.
- Smoking during pregnancy increases perinatal mortality and increases the risk for low birthweight infants. In addition, women who smoke have a higher risk for congenital abnormalities.
Facts about Men Smoking and Fertility
- Men who smoke experience more erectile dysfunction than those who do not smoke.
- Smoking is associated with lower sperm counts and problems with sperm binding to the egg.
- Smoking by the male partner produces a slightly higher miscarriage rate.
Effects of Smoking on Newborn
- Smoking during pregnancy leads to growth restriction of a baby before birth, and low birth weight babies.
- Men whose mothers smoked have lower sperm counts.
- Children from parents who smoke have a higher risk for developing asthma and experiencing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Quit Smoking to Improve Fertility
If you stop smoking, your chance of conceiving a baby increases, and the child has a greater chance for a healthy life. The egg supply cannot be improved, however, as the damage to the reserve has been done. Regardless, quitting smoking improves fertility. Ask your healthcare provider for a smoking cessation plan. Many people have success using nicotine replacement (patch or gum), or by taking bupropion, which is a prescription medication that improves smoking rates.