Third party parenting options are provided by our experienced reproductive medicine specialists. When a couple faces fertility problems and cannot have a genetically related child, our expert staff can assist with third party options for building a family.
What is egg donation?
Our egg donation program can greatly increase the success of a pregnancy. This procedure assists couples when the woman cannot produce a usable egg. This is optimal for women who:
Have premature ovarian failure
Are of an older reproductive age
Have poor quality eggs
Have chromosomal problems or genetic diseases that could be passed on to offspring
How long does the egg donor process take?
The couple can choose a known egg donor (third party), or select from our egg donor list of anonymous women who have served as donors. The egg donor process takes around 6-10 weeks, depending on the screening requirements and laboratory testing process.
Are gestational carriers third party parents?
Gestational carriers are women who carriers are used when a woman has uterine abnormalities, medical conditions that make pregnancy risky, and immunological abnormalities that interfere with carrying a baby to term. A couple donates eggs and sperm, which are fertilized using in vitro fertilization (IVF). The resulting embryos are transferred into the gestational carrier.
What is a traditional surrogate?
A classical surrogate, also called traditional surrogacy, is a woman who donates her egg and carries the baby to term. The intended father contributes the sperm, and the resulting embryo is carried by the surrogate. Once the baby is born, the intended parents receive the baby, and the surrogate has no rights to the child.
What is involved in the third party parenting process?
The intended parents and surrogate or carrier all go through laboratory, clinical, and psychological evaluation. After all requirements are met, the egg from the intended mother or surrogate and the sperm from a donor or the intended father are fertilized using IVF in the laboratory setting. The concerned parties are all screened for sexually transmitted infections, such as hepatitis, HIV, and gonorrhea.
What legal issues pertain to third party parenting?
Many contractual agreements and consent forms are involved in the third party parenting process. We recommend that both the intended parents and the surrogate/carrier use separate legal counsel to avoid any conflicts that may arise. The attorney is there to establish ground rules for each party, and give advice and counsel regarding this process.
What conflicts of interest could arise?
Potential areas of conflict include:
The number of embryos to be transferred
The risk for multiple pregnancy
Guidelines for prenatal care
What genetic testing must be done
Risks related to a surgical deliver
Termination of the pregnancy if abnormality is detected
Long-term material health risks
Complications that may occur
Visitation rights to the child
How the child will be handed over after birth
What are the expectations of the pregnancy following the surrogacy arrangement?
The pregnancy expectations may vary from couple to couple. When both parties are healthy, and the donor is younger than 31 years, the success rates for a healthy pregnancy are high. When two good quality embryos are transferred, the rate of pregnancy is about 55%. When an egg donor is older than 35, the chance of a pregnancy with two quality embryos decreases to around 40%.