Egg Donation Program Overview to Have a Successful Pregnancy
Egg donation is where a woman donates her eggs for another couple to help them have a baby using in vitro fertilization (IVF). The first baby born from egg donation was in 1984, and since then, embryo transfer using donated eggs leads to successful pregnancy around 55% of the time.
What requirements are there for someone who wishes to become an egg donor?
A prospective egg donor should be in excellent health and between 21 to 31 years of age. In addition, her height and weight should be proportionate, she cannot smoke, and she must live near the fertility clinic.
Can a woman donate eggs if she is using birth control?
To be an egg donor, it is acceptable if you use oral contraceptives (the pill). However, you should not be using Depo Provera injections or using Norplant for birth control. These birth control measures prolong the time it takes before your cycle is normal.
What medical procedures are involved with egg donation?
Egg donation involves a physical examination, laboratory testing, diagnostic imaging scans, and genetic screening. After being accepted as a donor, the doctor prescribes daily injections of fertility medications and uses vaginal ultrasound to monitor egg (oocyte) development. Blood testing must be done at this time to assess estrogen levels. Once eggs are mature, they are retrieved via a simple procedure done at the fertility center (egg retrieval). One week after the retrieval, a postoperative exam is scheduled.
How long does egg donation take?
The initial egg donation process takes between four to six weeks. The time interval depends on how long the couple take to choose a donor, and their decisions about treatment. Once a treatment cycle begins, plan on a time commitment of around 2-3 weeks, which involves monitoring and egg retrieval.
Does egg donation hurt?
Our main concern is the safety and comfort of our egg donors. Egg donation is a relatively simple procedure, and thousands of women donate eggs every year. Most of our donors give their own fertility injections at home. The egg retrieval procedure involves a mild sedative, and it is not painful. Some donors report bloating and mild cramping for 1-3 days following the procedure, but this is relieved with an analgesic.
Will I have to pay any medical expenses, and will I be compensated?
The fertility center covers all egg donation expenses. Additionally, we pay $6,000 per donation cycle. Many women choose to participate in several egg donation cycles.
Can I get pregnant during the egg donor process?
Abstinence is required during the entire process, especially when the donor is taking fertility drugs.
What legal responsibilities are there for egg donors?
An egg donor signs an extensive contract before the donation process. Any and all children born during the egg donation process legally belong to the couple who receives the donated eggs. In addition, egg donors have no legal responsibility to the future support and welfare of any children born due to donation.
Must I meet with the couple who are receiving my eggs?
Some egg donors ask to remain completely anonymous and do not meet with the recipient couple. Egg donors are not usually provided any information about the recipients either. However, some donors are known to their recipients, when arrangements are made in advance. Also, if a couple wishes to meet with a donor, it can be arranged, if the donor is willing.